EU Civilian Security Sector Reform Advisory Mission to Ukraine (EUAM)
The EU Advisory Mission on Civilian Security Sector Reform in Ukraine (EUAM) is an advisory civilian mission introduced by the European Union in 2014 at the request of Ukraine. Legal basis of activity: the Agreement between Ukraine and the EU regarding the status of the EU Advisory Mission on Civilian Security Sector Reform in Ukraine (signed on 17.11.2014 in Brussels, ratified on 04.02.2015 by Law of Ukraine No. 142-VIII, entered into force on 13.03.2015).
The CMES mandate provides for three areas of activity:
- Providing strategic advice on civil security sector reform to develop civil security sector strategies;
- supporting the implementation of reforms by providing practical advice, training and other projects;
- co-operating and co-ordinating to ensure co-ordination of reforms between Ukrainian and international partners.
The Mission's main office is located at: Volodymyr Stolypin Street, Kiev. Kiev at 4B, Volodymyrskyy Descent.
The Mission also has regional offices in Kharkiv, Lviv, Odessa and Mariupol.
Co-operation between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and KMES annually agrees on an action plan under the international technical assistance project "Operational Support in Providing Strategic Advice for the Reform of Ukraine's Civil Security Sector".
Specifically, the Mission provides support in the areas of:
- strengthening change management capacity, internal communications, strategic planning;
- community policing (strengthening the sustainability of the dialogue police concept, studying the best practices of community policing),
- police interaction with the society,
- investigation of crimes,
- strategic communications and related issues,
- responding to hate/discrimination crimes,
- ensuring gender equality,
- improving administrative services.
More information on the activities of the EU Advisory Mission to Ukraine here
European Union Border Assistance Mission to Ukraine and Republic of Moldova (EUBAM)
The European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) started operations in 2005. The legal basis for EUBAM is the Memorandum of Understanding between the European Commission and the Ukrainian and Moldovan Governments, signed on 7 October 2005. The Memorandum defines the mandate and status of the mission, as well as the mechanisms of cooperation. The current mandate of the mission runs until 30 November 2020, although both parties have agreed to initiate its continuation. EUBAM promotes border and customs regulations and practices that are in line with EU standards and meet the needs of its two partner countries. The Mission is working with Moldova and Ukraine to bring standards and procedures for border management, customs and trade in line with those in the EU Member States. It helps improve cross-border co-operation between border agencies, customs and other law-enforcement agencies, and fosters international co-operation.
The mission's tasks are as follows:
To facilitate a peaceful resolution of the Transnistrian conflict through confidence-building measures and the convergence of customs, trade, transport and cross-border legislation and procedures;
Ensure that integrated border management (IBM) practices are fully implemented on the Moldovan-Ukrainian border;
Assist the Governments of Ukraine and Moldova to better manage cross border crime.
More information on the activities of EUBAM can be found here
European Police Office (Europol)
The European Police Office (Europol) is the European Union's law enforcement agency responsible for combating transnational crime, human trafficking, illegal migration, terrorism, illicit trafficking in motor vehicles, pornography, counterfeiting and money laundering, cybercrime. Today, cooperation with Europol is regulated by the provisions of the Agreement between Ukraine and the European Police Office on Operational and Strategic Cooperation, signed in 2016 and ratified by Law No. 2129-VIII of 12.07.2017.
According to the Agreement, cooperation includes both information exchange and exchange of expertise, general information, results of strategic analysis, information on criminal investigation procedures, information on crime prevention methods, participation in training activities, as well as providing advice and support in selected criminal investigations.
The National Contact Point for Ukraine, which acts as a central point of contact between other competent authorities of Ukraine and Europol, is designated as the Europol Liaison Office of the National Police of Ukraine. In 2015 the Memorandum of Understanding between Ukraine and the European Police Office on the establishment of a secure communication line was ratified. Due to the installation of a secure communication channel SIENA information exchange between law enforcement agencies of Ukraine and Europol significantly increased. In addition, in 2017 the Memorandum of Understanding between Ukraine and the European Police Office on confidentiality and security of information was signed. As of today, a relevant draft law on its ratification has been prepared.
In 2018-2019, the National Police of Ukraine processed the methodology of Europol to assess the threats of organized and serious crime SOCTA. To date, the developed methodology is adapted to the Ukrainian realities is applied in the practical activities of the National Police of Ukraine. In 2020 the National Police participated in more than ten special law enforcement operations under the auspices of Europol, in particular MISMED, SALO, RETROVIRUS, SHIELD, RAD.
European Union Law Enforcement Training Agency (CEPOL)
CEPOL is a European Union agency that brings together a network of training institutes for law enforcement officials in EU member states and supports them in conducting priority training from security priorities, law enforcement cooperation and information exchange. CEPOL also cooperates with EU bodies, international organizations and third countries to ensure a collective response to serious security threats.
CEPOL facilitates cooperation and knowledge-sharing among law enforcement officials in EU member states and third countries on issues arising from EU security priorities; in particular, from the EU policy cycle on serious and organized crime. The agency is headquartered in Budapest, Hungary.
A working agreement was signed between the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and CEPOL, which is a legal basis for cooperation and determines the order of cooperation between the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and the Agency, including the scope and forms of Ukrainian representatives' participation in CEPOL, as well as the creation of favorable conditions for mutually beneficial cooperation. On the basis of the agreement the contact point for the interaction as well as the operator of the E-Network (which are the appropriate structural subdivisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs) were defined.
European Border and Coast Guard Agency (FRONTEX)
The Agency operates on the basis of the Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004 of 26/10/2004. Its headquarters are in Warsaw, Poland. Its purpose is to protect freedom, security and justice, to guarantee a free and uncensored free movement zone at internal EU borders, to combat cross-border crime and to help prevent terrorist attacks. Coordination and development of European border management in accordance with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the concept of integrated border management.
The Frontex budget consists of the EU general budget and contributions from Schengen countries. The budget of the Agency at the beginning of its creation (2005) was 6300000. Euro, in 2013 - 94 million Euro. In 2020, the budget was about 460 000 000 euro. Cooperation with the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine is based on the Working Agreement between FRONTEX Agency and the SCSU on the establishment of operational cooperation, signed on June 11, 2007 and plans of operational cooperation, signed every 3 years (the last Plan was signed on June 28, 2019 - 2021).
The main areas of cooperation are:
- Exchange of information and analytical products,
- risk analysis,
- staff training,
- operational cooperation,
- research and innovation,
- implementation of joint projects.
In 2020, the Administration of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine participated in trainings, courses and seminars on the Virtual Aula online platform, exchanged data through the PULSAR network of information collection and exchange on the detection of offenses at air border crossings, conducted a joint operation "Coordination Points. Avia", within the framework of which three experts of the European Union were at the airports of Ukraine as observers; the Agreement on Cooperation and Membership in the network of partner academies of the FRONTEX Agency was reestablished.
More information about the cooperation: here