On November 22, 2018, the Verkhovna Rada adopted Bill № 9037 on Amendments to the Constitution regarding the consolidation of the state's strategic course towards Ukraine's full membership in the European Union and NATO.
The basic documents that define the content, nature and form the legal basis of Ukraine's "special partnership" relationship with NATO and which regulate Ukraine's cooperation with the Alliance are the NATO Partnership for Peace Framework Document of 10 January 1994, the Charter on a Special Partnership between Ukraine and NATO of 9 July 1997 and the Law of Ukraine on the Principles of Domestic and Foreign Policy of 1 July 2010.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs, as an integral part of Ukraine's security and defense sector, is part of Ukraine's national coordination system for Euro-Atlantic integration and is actively involved in cooperation with NATO as part of a nationwide course to become a member of this organization. Given the Euro-Atlantic course of our country's foreign policy and the intensification of support from NATO member states, cooperation with NATO is one of the priority areas for development.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs and the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs participate in many initiatives and programs in the framework of cooperation with NATO, namely:
- Force Planning and Assessment Process (PPP);
- Joint NATO exercises; Individual Partnership Program (IPP);
- Military Education Improvement Program (DEEP);
- Civilian Professional Development Program (PDP);
- Work with trust funds; NATO Integrity Building Initiative (VI Initiative);
- NATO's Science for Peace and Security Program;
- Cooperation in the field of civil emergency response;
- NATO-Ukraine Platform on the Experience of Countering Hybrid Warfare
Within the framework of cooperation, much attention is paid to the implementation of a wide range of areas, including: creating an effective planning and budgeting system, reducing corruption risks, creating a national sustainability system, strategic communications, combating hybrid threats, cybersecurity, medical and psychological rehabilitation, human rights protection, gender policy, communications and information systems, achieving interoperability, humanitarian demining, training and education, implementation of NATO standards.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs annually forms and implements the Annual National Programs under the auspices of the NATO-Ukraine Commission (hereinafter referred to as the ANP), which are approved by the Decree of the President of Ukraine.
The ANP is a strategic national document that is similar in form and content to the NATO Membership Action Plan, the main focus of which is on meeting the criteria for NATO membership.
The formation of tasks and measures to meet medium-term goals is based on commitments made at the highest level and takes into account the resources that are planned to be spent on the implementation of such commitments.
ANP includes 5 main sections:
According to the draft ANP for 2020, the purpose of further development of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine is to create a single stable, manageable and functional system of internal affairs as part of national security, able to counter modern challenges and threats by improving the policy and responsibility of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Ukraine, professional training of personnel, formation of an effective system of information and resource management.
To achieve this goal, the following goals are defined:
The force assessment planning process is an important process under the Partnership for Peace Program for those partner countries that wish to participate, ie on a voluntary basis.
The purpose of the PPP is to enable Partner countries to train forces capable of working with NATO member states, as well as to establish a mechanism for the exchange of information on defense and budget planning.
To address the issues of achieving interoperability at each stage of the PPP, special Partnership Objectives (PA) are developed, which are offered to partners as areas of work.
The progress of achieving these goals is constantly being reviewed. On June 5, 2018, the North Atlantic Council approved a new package of Partnership Goals for Ukraine.
The updated package of Partnership Goals for the Ministry of Internal Affairs includes 3 goals, namely:
Within the framework of the Commission for Coordination of Euro-Atlantic Integration of Ukraine, representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine participate in the following interdepartmental working groups:
The AWG of the Verkhovna Rada is a leading structure aimed at supporting cooperation between Ukraine and NATO in reforming the defense and security sector.
The main objectives of the joint activity can be grouped into four key areas, covering the full range of our respective interactions with the Alliance, namely:
Thanks to the AWG of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine has the opportunity to use the experience and expertise of NATO countries in defense planning, development of strategies and concepts of national security.
According to the Decree of the President of Ukraine, the AWG of the Verkhovna Rada includes the Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.
In 2018, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine intensified cooperation within the framework of participation in the NATO-Ukraine Individual Partnership Program (hereinafter - IPA).
According to the PPI, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine annually approves the list of events in which it is planned to involve interested structures of the security and defense sector, including the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, in areas of interest in priority areas of development. for further application of the experience gained by them in service and combat activities.
IPP is implemented through the participation of representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in international cooperation activities (seminars, conferences, training courses, etc.) within the framework of this program.
For reference. An individual partnership program with NATO is a type of partnership between NATO's permanent members and non-NATO third countries that provides for allied relations and strategic military partnerships. The Individual Partnership Program (IPP) between Ukraine and NATO consists of international cooperation activities proposed by NATO member states and Partner countries in the format of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Work Plan (EAP).
The EAP RP project contains a wide range of training courses, seminars, conferences, symposia, workshops, and NATO committee meetings. All activities of this project are divided into individual areas of cooperation in accordance with the main areas of cooperation between NATO and Partner countries.